A Historical Timeline of the Bible

Table 8 Rulers of the Hellenistic (Greek) Period 

Ruler

Date of Reign (B.C.)

Significant Event

Macedonian Kings

332-305

 

Alexander III the Great

332-323

 

Philip Arrhidaeus

323-317

 

Alexander IV

317-305

 

Ptolemies

305-198

 

Ptolemy I (Soter)

305-282

 

Ptolemy II (Philadelphius)

285-246

 

Ptolemy III (Euergetes I)

246-222

 

Ptolemy IV (Philopator)

222-205

 

Ptolemy V (Epiphanes)

205-180

198 B.C. Seleucids control Palestine

Seleucids

198-165

 

Antiochus III the Great

223-187

 

Seleucus IV Philopator

187-175

 

Antiochus IV Epiphanes

175-164

165 B.C. - Maccabaean revolt

 

Judas Maccabeus leads a revolt and Judea becomes independent state.  Judea is then conquered by Rome in 63 B.C. and Hyrcannus II is put into power by the Romans.  (See list of Roman rulers.)

 

Table 9 Rulers of the Jewish Maccabean / Herodian Period 

Ruler

Date of Reign (B.C.)

Significant Event

Judas Maccabeus

165-161

 

Jonathan

161-142

 

Simon

142-134

 

John Hyrcannus I

134-104

 

Aristobulus I

104-103

 

Alexander Jannaeus

103-76

 

Alexandra

76-67

 

Aristobulus II

67-63

 

Hyrcannus II

63-?40

Roman puppet

Herod the Great

37-4

Roman puppet

Herod Archelaus

4 B.C. A.D. 6

Roman puppet

Philip

634

Pontius Pilate has Christ crucified in A.D. 31

Herod Antipas

34-39

Roman puppet

Agrippa I

3944

Roman puppet

Uprisings against Rome in 6673 and 132135 fail, Jews are essentially scattered

 

Table 10a

Tables 6 & 7

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