A Historical Timeline of the Bible

Table 6 Rulers of Babylon

King

Date of Reign (BCE)

Relationship to Nebuchadnezzar

Significant Event

Nabopolassar

626-605

Father

Destroyed Nineveh in
612-611 BCE
Assyria totally conquered in 609 BCE

Nebuchadnezzar

605-562



605-586 BCE
Conquest and fall of Judah

Evil-Merodach

562-560

Son

 

Neriglissar

560-556

Son-in-law

 

Labasi-Marduk

556

Grandson
 

Nabonidus

556-539

Son-in-law

In Arabia when city of Babylon fell  

Belshazzar
(co-regent with Nabonidus)
549-539
Grandson
In palace when city of Babylon fell



Babylon falls to Cyrus the Great of Persia in 539-538 BCE
The Jewish captives now fall under rule of the Medo-Persian Empire. See Table 11 for the Chronology of the Return of Exile.

Table 7 Rulers of Medo-Persia

King

Date of Reign (BCE)

Significant Event

Cyrus II the Great

559-530

539-538 BCE
Fall of Babylon

Cambyses

530-522

 

Smerdis

522

 

Darius I

522-486

 

Xerxes I

486-465

 

Artaxerxes I Longimanus

465-424

457 BCE
The decree of Artaxerxes
Ezra 7:7-11, Dan. 9:25

Xerxes II

early 423

 

Sogdianus

early 423

 

Darius II

423-404

 

Artaxerxes II Mnemon

404-358

 

Artaxerxes III Ochus

358-338

 

Arses

338-336

 

Darius III Codomannus

336-330

330 BCE Fall of Medo-Persia to Alexander the Great

 The control of Judea now falls under Greek influence, first the Ptolemies, then the Seleucids.

Tables 8 & 9

Table 5

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