A Historical Timeline of the Bible

Comprehensive Table of the Rulers of Babylon

As you see here there are at least four different chronologies of the First Babylonian Dynasty. There are others, but these are the most popular ones. The problem is that the area of debate is the time the Hittites sacked Babylon at the end of the First Dynasty and when the Third Dynasty begins, thus the differences in the dates among the four chronologies. There are arguments that support all four views. Much can be found on the Internet. Here is a good place to start: Mesopotamian Chronology

 

First Babylonian Dynasty
High Chronology
Middle Chronology
Low Chronology
Ultra Low Chronology
Su-abu or Suum-abum
1959-1945
1894-1881
1830-1817
1798-1785
Sumula-ilum
1945-1909
1880-1845
1816-1781
1784-1749
Sabium or Sabum
1909-1895
1844-1831
1780-1767
1748-1735
Apil-Sin
1895-1877
1830-1813
1766-1749
1734-1717
Sin-muballit
1877-1857
1812-1793
1748-1729
1716-1697
Hammurabi
1857-1814
1792-1750
1728-1686
1696-1654
Samsu-Iluna
1814-1776
1749-1712
1685-1648
1653-1616
Abi-eshuh or Abieshu
1776-1748
1711-1684
1647-1620
1615-1588
Ammi-ditana
1748-1711
1683-1647
1619-1583
1587-1551
Ammi-zaduga or Ammisaduqa
1711-1690
1646-1626
1582-1562
1550-1530
Samsu-Ditana
1690-1659
1625-1595
1561-1531
1529-1499

 

Sealand Dynasty (Dynasty II of Babylon)

This dynasty also did not actually rule Babylon, but rather the Sumerian regions south of it. Nevertheless, it is traditionally numbered the Second Dynasty of Babylon, and so is listed here.

  • Iluma-ilum fl. c. 1732 BC
  • Itti-ili-nibi
  • Damiq-ilishu
  • Ishkibal
  • Shushushi
  • Gulkishar
  • Peshgaldaramash
  • Adarakalamma
  • Ekurduanna
  • Melamkurkukka
  • [1 unnamed king between Gulkishar and Ea-gamil(?)]
  • Ea-gamil fl. c. 1460 BC

 

Babylonian Kings

Dates B.C.

Comments
The chronology followed here is the higher chronology found in Von Beckerath's Chronologie des pharaonischen Ägypten. Another commonly used chronology generally gives dates of approximately 10 to 20 years earlier for each monarch, but this does not synchronize so well with the most commonly used chronology for the Egyptian New Kingdom.
Kassite Dynasty (Third Dynasty of Babylon)
Agum II fl.
c. 1570
 
Burna-Buriaš I    
Kaštiliaš III    
Ulam-Buriaš    
Agum III    
Kadašman-harbe I    
Karaindaš    
Kurigalzu I
d. 1377
 
Kadašman-Enlil I
1377-1361
 
Burna-Buriaš II
1361-1333
 
Karahardaš
1333-1331
 
Nazibugaš
1331
 
Kurigalzu II
1331-1306
 
Nazimaruttaš
1306-1280
 
Kadašman-Turgu
1280-1262
 
Kadašman-Enlil II
1262-1254
 
Kudur-Enlil
1254-1245
 
Šagarakti-Šuriaš
1245-1232
 
Kaštiliaš IV
1232-1224
 
Enlil-nadin-šumi
1224-1221
 
Adad-šuma-iddina
1221-1215
 
Adad-šuma-usur
1215-1185
 
Melišipak
1185-1170
 
Marduk-apal-iddina I
1170-1157
 
Zababa-šuma-iddina
1157-1156
 
Enlil-nadin-ahhe
1156-1153
 
Dynasty IV of Babylon, from Isin
Marduk-kabit-ahhešu
1155-1146
 
Itti-Marduk-balatu
1146-1132
 
Ninurta-nadin-šumi
1132-1126
 
Nabu-kudurri-usur (Nebuchadnezzar I)
1126-1103
 
Enlil-nadin-apli
1103-1100
 
Marduk-nadin-ahhe
1100-1082
 
Marduk-šapik-zeri
1082-1069
 
Adad-apla-iddina
1069-1046
 
Marduk-ahhe-eriba
1046
 
Marduk-zer-X
1046-1033
 
Nabu-šum-libur
1033-1025
 
Dynasty V of Babylon
Simbar-šipak
1025-1008
 
Ea-mukin-šumi
1008
 
Kaššu-nadin
1008-1004
 
Dynasty VI of Babylon
Eulma-šakin-šumi
1004-987
 
Ninurta-kudurri-usur
987-985
 
Širiqti-šuqamunu
985
 
Dynasty VII of Babylon
Mar-biti-apla-usur
985-979
 
Dynasty VIII of Babylon
Nabu-mukin-apli
979-943
 
Dynasty IX of Babylon
Ninurta-kudurri-usur
943
 
Mar-biti-ahhe-iddina
943-c.920
 
Šamaš-mudammiq
c.920-900
 
Nabu-šuma-ukin
900-888
 
Nabu-apla-iddina
888-855
 
Marduk-zakir-šumi I
855-819
 
Marduk-balassu-iqbi
819-813
 
Baba-aha-iddina
813-811
 
5 kings
811-c.800
 
Ninurta-apla-X
c.800-c.790
 
Marduk-bel-zeri
c.790-c.780
 
Marduk-apla-usur
c.780-769
 
Eriba-Marduk
769-761
 
Nabu-šuma-iškun
761-748
 
Nabonassar (Nabu-nasir)
748-734
 
Nabu-nadin-zeri
734-732
 
Nabu-šuma-ukin II
732
 
Dynasty X of Babylon (Assyrians and Chaldeans)
Nabu-mukin-zeri
732-729
 
Pulu (Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria)
729-727
 
Ululayu (Shalmaneser V of Assyria)
727-722
 
Marduk-apal-iddina II (the Biblical Merodach-Baladan)
722-710
 
Šarrukin (Sargon) II of Assyria
710-705
 
Sin-ahhe-eriba (Sennacherib) of Assyria
705-703
 
Marduk-zakir-šumi II
703
 
Marduk-apal-iddina II
703 (restored)
 
Bel-ibni
703-700
 
Aššur-nadin-šumi (son of Sennacherib of Assyria)
700-694
 
Nergal-ušezib
694-693
 
Mušezib-Marduk
693-689
Assyrian Sack of Babylon, 689; Babylon is rebuilt by Esarhaddon of Assyria in the 670's.
Sin-ahhe-eriba (Sennacherib) of Assyria
689-681
 
Aššur-ahha-iddina (Esarhaddon) of Assyria
681-669
 
Šamaš-šum-ukin (son of Esarhaddon)
668-648
 
Kandalanu (possibly Ashurbanipal of Assyria or else a viceroy)
648-627
 
Dynasty XI of Babylon (Neo-Babylonian or Chaldean)
Nabu-apla-usur (Nabopolassar)
626-605
 
Nabu-kudurri-usur (Nebuchadrezzar) II
605-562
 
Amel-Marduk
562-560
 
Nergal-šar-usur (Nergal-sharezer)
560-556
 
Labaši-Marduk
556
 
Nabu-na'id (Nabonidus)
556-539
In 539, Babylon was captured by Cyrus the Great of Persia, and lost its independence. His son was crowned one year later formally as King of Babylonia.
Kambyses
538-522
 

 

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