A Historical Timeline of the Bible

Table 4 The Divided Kingdom
931 B.C. - 586 B.C.

Solomon dies and the Kingdom of Israel is divided.  Rehoboam becomes the first king of the southern kingdom, Judah.  There are several versions of the chronology of the Kings of Judah and Israel. This one is based on the chronology by Edwin R. Thiele in his book "The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings (Third edition ©1983)" which can be readily purchased on the Internet, and subsequent minor adjustments by Leslie McFall in his paper "A Translation Guide to the Chronological Data in Kings and Chronicles (1991)". The most significant adjustment made by McFall was the co-regency of Hezekiah with his father Ahaz from 729 B.C. to March 715 B.C. Thiele, in spite of his brilliant work, never recognized this co-regency in his book.

Update 11/25/2012 - Leslie McFall later made another adjustment to the reigns of the Hebrew kings (8/8/2008) in his document "Chronology of the Hebrew Kings" , the suggestion that Solomon died between Nisan (April) and Elul (August) 931 B.C. was first put forward by Rodger Young, "When Did Solomon Die?” JETS 46 (2003) 589-603.   These adjustments are shown here.

Co-regencies are designated with a (c) to show the dates the son was co-regent with his father. The one unusual case is Jotham of Judah who was co-regent with his father Azariah (Uzziah), then ruled by himself, and then was co-regent to his son Ahaz.

In Israel there were two occurrences of rival kings. The first was Omri and Tibni and the second was Menahem and Pekah. It appears that Pekah may have briefly served as a general to Pekahiah before slaying him.

To see this chart in finer detail click here.

 

Kings of Judah
King Date of Reign (B.C.)
Rehoboam
931 - 914
Abijam (Abijah)
914 - 912
Asa
912 - 871
Jehoshaphat
873 - 871 (c)
871 - 848
Jehoram
854 - 848 (c)
848 - 841
Ahaziah
842 - 841 (c)
841 - 841
Athaliah
841 - 835
Joash
835 - 796
Amaziah
796 - 767
Azariah (Uzziah)
791 - 767 (c)
767 - 739
Jotham
750 - 739 (c)
739 - 735
735 - 732/731 (c)
Ahaz
735 - 731
731 - Mar 715
Hezekiah
729 - Mar 715 (c)
Mar 715 - 687/686
Manasseh
697 - 687/686 (c)
687/686 - 643/642
Amon
643/642 - 641/640
Josiah
641/640 - Jul 609
Jehoahaz
Jul 609 - Oct 609
Jehoiakim
Oct 609 - Dec 598
Jehoiachin
608 - Dec 598 (c)
Dec 598 - Apr 597
Zedekiah
Apr 597 - Aug 586
Kings of Israel
King Date of Reign (B.C.)
Jeroboam I
931 - 910/909
Nadab
910/909 - 909/908
Baasha
909/908 - 886/885
Elah
886/885 - 885/884
Zimri
885/884
Omri
Tibni
885/884 - 874/873
885/884 - 880
Ahab
874/873 - 853
Ahaziah
853 - 852
Jehoram (Joram)
852 - 841
Jehu
841 - 814/813
Jehoahaz
814/813 - 798/797
Jehoash
799 - 798/797 (c)
798/797 - 782/781
Jeroboam II
793 - 782/781 (c)
782/781 - 753
Zechariah
753 - Mar 752
Shallum
Mar/Apr 752
Menahem
Pekah
752 - 742/741
752 - 740/739
Pekahiah
742/741 - 740/739
Pekah
740/739 - 732/731
Hoshea
732/731 - 723

 

Israel falls to Shalmaneser V of Assyria in the year 723/722 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon takes first captives from Judah in 605 B.C. Judah finally falls to Babylon in July/August 586 B.C.

Table 5

Table 3

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