Solomon dies and the Kingdom of Israel is divided. Rehoboam becomes the first king of the southern kingdom, Judah. There are several versions of the chronology of the Kings of Judah and Israel. This one is based on the chronology by Edwin R. Thiele in his book "The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings (Third edition ©1983)" which can be readily purchased on the Internet, and subsequent minor adjustments by Leslie McFall in his paper "A Translation Guide to the Chronological Data in Kings and Chronicles (1991)". The most significant adjustment made by McFall was the co-regency of Hezekiah with his father Ahaz from 729 B.C. to March 715 B.C. Thiele, in spite of his brilliant work, never recognized this co-regency in his book.
Update 11/25/2012 - Leslie McFall later made another adjustment to the reigns of the Hebrew kings (8/8/2008) in his document "Chronology of the Hebrew Kings" , the suggestion that Solomon died between Nisan (April) and Elul (August) 931 B.C. was first put forward by Rodger Young, "When Did Solomon Die?” JETS 46 (2003) 589-603. These adjustments are shown here.
Co-regencies are designated with a (c) to show the dates the son was co-regent with his father. The one unusual case is Jotham of Judah who was co-regent with his father Azariah (Uzziah), then ruled by himself, and then was co-regent to his son Ahaz.
In Israel there were two occurrences of rival kings. The first was Omri and Tibni and the second was Menahem and Pekah. It appears that Pekah may have briefly served as a general to Pekahiah before slaying him.To see this chart in finer detail click here.
Israel falls to Shalmaneser V of Assyria in the year 723/722 B.C.
Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon takes first captives from Judah in 605 B.C. Judah finally falls to Babylon in July/August 586 B.C.
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