A Historical Timeline of the Bible

Detailed Chart of the Divided Kingdom Showing Scriptures
See Dating Notation for Kings of Israel and Judah (931 BCE - 587 BCE)
(Updated September 5, 2018)

The Divided Kingdom
Judah (south)
Israel (north)
931-587
the Davidic line of succession
1 Chr 3:10-16
932t-914n/914t
the reign of Rehoboam
1 Kgs 14:21-24; 2 Chr 11:1-23
931
Rehoboam's foolishness causes the northern tribes to revolt, Jeroboam reigns in Israel
1 Kgs 12:1-24; 2 Chr 10:1-19
c. 926
the birth of Asa
 
931n-910t/909n
Jeroboam introduces idolatry and is condemned by prophets
1 Kgs 12:25-14:18
925
Pharaoh Shishak (r. 945-924) invades Judah
1 Kgs 14:25-28; 2 Chr 12:1-12
 
915-910
Tabrimmon reigns in Aram
 
914n/914t-912t/911n
the evil reign of Abijam in Judah
1 Kgs 14:29-15:7; 2 Chr 12:13-13:19, 13:21-22
 
912t/911n-871t/870n
the good reign of Asa in Judah
1 Kgs 15:8-15; 2 Chr 14:1-8
910t/909n-909t/908n
Jeroboam succeeded by his son Nadab
1 Kgs 14:19-20; 15:25-26; 2 Chr 13:20
911-891
Adad-nirari II reigns in Assyria
 
910-860
Ben-hadad I reigns in Aram
 
 
909t/908n-886t/885n
Baasha murders and succeeds Nadab
1 Kgs 15:27-31
909-886
continual hostility between Asa and Baasha
1 Kgs 15:16, 32-34
904
the birth of Asa's son Jehoshaphat
 
 
c. 900
the Ethiopian invasion of Judah
2 Chr 14:9-15
896
the prophet Azariah warns Asa to enact reforms
2 Chr 15:1-19
895
the alliance of Judah and Aram against Israel
1 Kgs 15:17-22; 2 Chr 16:1-11
890-884
Tukulti-Nunurta II reigns in Assyria and strengthens it
 
 
887
Jehu prophesies against Baasha
1 Kgs 16:1-4
886t/885n-885t/884n
Baasha's son Elah reigns in Israel
1 Kgs 16:5-8
c. 886
the birth of Elisha
 
885t/884n-885t/884n 
Zimri kills Elah and rules 7 days; Omri seizes power
1 Kgs 16:9-20
885t/884n-880n/880t
Omri and Tibni rule as rival kings
1 Kgs 16:21
883-859 Asshur-nasirpal II reigns in Assyria  
879 the birth of Jehoshaphat's son Joram 2 Kgs 8:17 880n/880t-874t/873n Tibni dies; Omri's evil sole reign 1 Kgs 16:22-26
873t Jehoshaphat begins a dual reign with Asa 1 Kgs 22:42 874t/873n-853n/853t the evil reign of Omri's son Ahab 1 Kgs 16:27-33
873t Asa's foot disease 1 Kgs 15:23; 2 Chr 16:12  
871t/870n Jehoshaphat succeeds Asa in Judah 1 Kgs 15:24 ; 22:41 ; 2 Chr 16:13-14  
871t/870n-848n/848t the good reign of Jehoshaphat 1 Kgs 22:41-47; 2 Chr 20:31-34; 2 Chr 19:4-11 c. 870 Hiel refortifies Jericho 1 Kgs 16:34
867 the reforms of Jehoshaphat 2 Chr 17:1-11  
864 Jehoshaphat's son Joram marries Ahab's daughter Athaliah 2 Chr 18:1
863 the birth of Joram's son Ahaziah 2 Kgs 8:26  
860-841 Ben-hadad II reigns in Aram  
  860 the prophet Elijah predicts a drough 1 Kgs 17:1-6
859 Elijah's mission and miracles in Zarephath 1 Kgs 17:7-24
858-824 Shalmaneser III reigns in Assyria  
  857 God demonstrates superiority to Baal at Carmel ; the drought ends, but Elijah's life is threatened; Elijah commissions Elisha 1 Kgs 18:1-19:21
857-856 Ben-hadad of Aram attacks; Ahab is temporarily victorious; Elisha aids the Shunammite woman 1 Kgs 20:1-43; 2 Kgs 4:1-17
855 the incident of Naboth's vineyard 1 Kgs 21:1-29
854t Joram co-regent with Jehoshaphat 2 Kgs 1:17  
853 Jehoshaphat and Ahab join against Aram ; Ahab dies, as Micaiah has prophesied 1 Kgs 22:1-39; 2 Chr 18:2-34
853 destruction of the ships of Tarshish 1 Kgs 22:48-49 853n/853t-852n/852t the reign of Ahab's son Ahaziah 1 Kgs 22:40, 51-53
      853 Ahaziah's messengers seek out Elijah and receive his rebuke 2 Kgs 1:1-16
  852n/852t-841n/841t Jehoram succeeds Ahaziah in Israel 2 Kgs 1:17-18; 2 Kgs 3:1-3
852 Moab rebels against Israel 2 Kgs 3:4-27
852 Elisha raises the Shunammite woman's son and aids the sons of the prophets 2 Kgs 4:18-44
850 Moab and Ammon invade Judah 2 Chr 20:1-30;
Psa 33, 44, 83
852-845 a famine strikes Israel 2 Kgs 8:1-6
848n/848t-841n/841t Jehoshaphat's evil son Joram reigns in Judah 1 Kgs 22:50; 2 Kgs 8:16-19; 2 Chr 21:1-7 847 the healing of Naaman, Ben-hadad's captain 2 Kgs 5:1-27
  853 Elisha's miraculous ministry continues 2 Kgs 6:1-23
845 Edom gains independence from Judah 2 Kgs 8:20-22;
2 Chr 21:8-11
844 Elijah's last prophecy 2 Chr 21:12-15
  844 Elijah is taken to a place of safety 2 Chr 21:12-15
842 the birth of Ahaziah's son Joash   841 Ben-hadad besieges Samaria 2 Kgs 6:24-7:20
841 Philistine-Arab attack on Judah ; Obadiah's prophecy against Edom 2 Chr 21:16-17;
Obad. 1-21
 
841-801 Hazael succeeds Ben-hadad II in Aram 2 Kgs 8:7-15
841n/841t-841n/841t Joram's evil son Ahaziah reigns in Judah 2 Kgs 8:23-29;
2 Chr 22:1-5
 
841
Jehu assassinates Ahab's family, including the kings of Judah and Israel
2 Kgs 9:1-37; 2 Chr 22:6-9
841n/841t-835n/835t
Queen mother Athaliah apparently wipes out the Davidic line
2 Kgs 11:1-3;
2 Chr 22:10-12
841n/841t-814t/813n
Jehu rules Israel
2 Kgs 10:1-31
835
Athaliah is overthrown, and 7-year-old Joash is brought out of hiding
2 Kgs 11:4-21; 2 Chr 23:1-21
837-836
Hazael of Aram harasses Israel
2 Kgs 10:32-33
835n/835t-796n/796t
Joash's mostly good reign in Judah
2 Kgs 12:1-3; 2 Chr 24:1-2
 
830
the prophecy of Joel
(early date)
Joel 1:1-3:21
823-811
Samsi-Adad reigns in Assyria
 
822
Joash takes two wives
2 Chr 24:3
 
821
the birth of Joash's son Amaziah
2 Kgs 14:2
814t/813n-798n/798t
Jehu's son Jehoahaz reigns in Israel
2 Kgs 10:34-36; 13:1-3, 6-8
813-812
Joash has the temple repaired
2 Kgs 12:4-16; 2 Chr 24:4-14
814-801
Hazael harasses Israel
2 Kgs 13:22-23
810
the founding of Carthage
 
810-806
Adad-nirari III reigns in Assyria co-regent with his mother
 
805-783
Adad-nirari III reigns alone in Assyria
 
806
Joash bribes Hazael not to attack Judah ; the birth of Amaziah's son Uzziah
2 Kgs 12:17-18; 15:2
 
805
war between Assyria and Aram
2 Kgs 13:4-5
803
the death of Jehoiada, and backsliding of Joash
2 Chr 24:15-19
 
801-770
Ben-hadad III reigns in Aram
2 Kgs 13:24-25
 
799n
Jehoash co-regent? (most likely not)
2 Kgs 13:9-12
800-797
Jehoiada's godly son Zechariah instructs Uzziah
2 Chr 26:5
798n/798t-782t/781n
Jehoahaz's son Jehoash reigns in Israel
2 Kgs 13:9-12
797
Joash murders Zechariah
2 Chr 24:20-22
797-796
the end of Elisha's ministry
2 Kgs 13:14-21
796n/796t-767n/767t
the assassination of Joash and the reign of his son Amaziah
2 Kgs 12:19-21; 14:1-6; 2 Chr 24:23-25:10
 
796
Assyria subdues Aram
 
794
Amaziah re-conquers Edom
2 Kgs 14:7; 2 Chr 25:11-16
793n
Jeroboam II begins a dual reign with Jehoash
2 Kgs 14:23
791t
Judah forces a dual reign between Amaziah and his 16 year old son Uzziah
2 Chr 26:1,3-4
 
783
Amaziah makes war with Israel
2 Kgs 14:8-14; 2 Chr 25:17-24
782-773
Shalmaneser IV reigns in Assyria
 
775
the birth of Uzziah's son Jotham
2 Kgs 15:33
782t/781n-Sep 753
Jehoash's evil son Jeroboam reigns; God graciously restores Israel 's territory
2 Kgs 13:13 ; 14:15 -16, 23-28
773
Aram suffers a great defeat from Zakir of Hamath
 
772-755
Asshur-dan III reigns in Assyria
 
770
the first Olympic games take place in Greece
 
767n/767t-740t
Uzziah (Azariah) reigns alone in Judah
2 Kgs 14:17-22; 15:1-4; 2 Chr 25:25-28; 26:2-4, 6-15
 
c. 765
the birth of Isaiah; a serious plague strikes Assyria's capital, Nineveh
 
763
a total solar eclipse causes panic in Assyria
 
762
the birth of Jotham's son Ahaz
2 Kgs 16:2
762
Amos prophesies against Israel
Amos 1:1-9:15
761
the Great Earthquake rocks the Middle East
Amos 1:1
760
Jonah prophesies against Nineveh ; the Assyrian capital repents
Jon. 1:1-4:11
 
760-757
Hosea's marriage symbolizes God's relationship to Israel
Hos. 1:1-4:19
754-745
Ashru-nirari V reigns in Assyria
 
 
Sep 753 - Mar 752
the reign of Jeroboam's son Zechariah
2 Kgs 14:29; 15:8-9
 
Mar-Apr 752
Shallum kills Zechariah and rules in his place for one month; Menahem kills Shallum and takes over
2 Kgs 15:10-16
750n/750t-732t
Jotham begins a dual reign with Uzziah who is struck with leprosy by God
2 Kgs 15:32-33; 2 Chr 27:1-4; 2 Kgs 15:5; 2 Chr 26:16-21

Apr 752-742t/741n
Apr 752-732t/731n

Menahem and
Pekah rule as rival kings
2 Kgs 15:17-18, 27
750-732
Rezin reigns in Aram
 
744-727
Tiglath-pileser III reigns in Assyria, Israel begins paying tribute to Assyria
2 Kgs 15:19-20
740
the birth of Ahaz's son Hezekiah
2 Kgs 18:2
742t/741n-740t/739n
Pekahiah reigns over most of Israel
2 Kgs 15:21-24
740
the call of Isaiah
Isa. 6:1-13
 
740t
Jotham primary regent at Uzziah's death
2 Kgs 15:6-7, 34-36; 2 Chr 26:22-23
740t/739n-732t/731n
Pekah kills Pekahiah and rules alone in Israel
2 Kgs 15:25-28
738
Jotham makes Ammon a tributary
2 Chr 27:5-6
 
735
Rezin of Aram and Pekah of Israel join against Judah
2 Kgs 15:37; 16:5-18; 2 Chr 28:5-19; Isa 7:1-10:4

735n/735t-716t/715n
(Jotham 735n/753t-732t)

Ahaz becomes regent as Jotham most likely steps down; Isaiah's early prophecies
2 Kgs. 16:1-4; Isa. 1:1-5:30
 
 
734-732
Assyria begins taking Israel 's territory
2 Kgs 15:29; 1 Chr 5:23-26; 2 Chr 28:20-21; Psa 42, 43, 77, 78
732
Assyria conquers Aram , Moab , and Edom
 
 
732
Hosea's later prophecies
Hos. 5:1-14:9
732t
Jotham dies in 20 th year
 
732t/731n-723n/723t
Hoshea kills Pekah and rules Israel
2 Kgs 15:30-31; 17:1-3
730
Micah's early prophecies
Mic. 1:1-2:13
 
730-715
Pharaoh Osorkon IV (So) reigns in Egypt
 
729t/728n
Hezekiah co-regent with Ahaz
2 Kgs 18:1
2 Kgs 16:19-20; 18:2-7; 2 Chr 28:26-29:2
726-722
Shalmaneser V reigns in Assyria
 
 
725-723
Shalmaneser imprisons Hoshea for conspiracy and besieges Samaria
2 Kgs 17:4-5; 18:9
723n
the fall of Israel
2 Kgs 17:6-41; 18:10-12; Psa 80
723
Isaiah prophesies against Assyria
Isa 10:5-12:6
Israel fallen, the kingdom of Judah continues
721-705
Sargon II reigns in Assyria
 
717
the fall of Carchemish sends Assyria into turmoil
 
717-715
prophetic ministries of Isaiah and Micah
Isa 13:1-19:25; 28:1-35:10; Mic 3:1-12; Psa 82
Mar 715
Ahaz dies, Hezekiah becomes regent, enacts reforms and drives back the Philistines
2 Kgs 18:8; 2 Chr 29:3-31:21; Psa 50, 81
712
Assyria conquers weakened Philistia
 
712-710
Isaiah goes stripped and barefoot to prophesy Assyria's humiliation of Egypt and Cush
Isa 20:1-6
710
Isaiah prophesies against the nations
Isa 21:1-27:13
709
the birth of Hezekiah's son Manasseh
2 Kgs 21:1
704-681
Sennacherib reigns in Assyria
 
c. 705
Simeon's conquest of Gedor
1 Chr 4:34-43
702-701
Hezekiah's illness and miraculous recovery. 15 years added to his life
2 Kgs 20:1-11; 2 Chr 32:24-26; Psa 69; Isa 38:1-22
702-701
Hezekiah meets with Babylon concerning the Assyrian threat
2 Kgs 20:12-19; Isa 39:1-8
702-701
Assyria conquers Ammon and besieges Judah ; an angel slaughters the enemy forces
2 Kgs 18:13-19:36; 2 Chr 32:1-23; Psa 46, 48, 75, 76, 84; Isa 36:1-37:37
701-687/86
Hezekiah prospers and forgets God in his 15 last years
2 Chr 32:27-32
c. 700
Isaiah's prophecies for future generations
Isa 40:1-66:24
c. 690
Micah's later prophecies
Mic. 4:1-7:2
697t
Hezekiah's evil son Manasseh becomes co-regent
2 Kgs 21:1, 2 Kgs 20:20-21:9; 2 Chr 32:32-33:9
687t-643t
Hezekiah dies and Manasseh becomes sole regent
680-669
Esarhaddon reigns in Assyria
2 Kgs 19:37; Isa 37:38
c. 680
Isaiah completes his prophecies and is martyred by Manasseh
2 Chr 32:32; Heb 11:37
668-627
Ashurbanipal reigns in Assyria
 
664
the birth of Manasseh's son Amon
2 Kgs 21:19
663
the fall of Egypt 's supposedly invincible city Thebes
Nah. 3:8
660
the founding of Byzantium
 
c. 650
the birth of Jeremiah
 
648
the birth of Amon's son Josiah; Assyria carries Manasseh into captivity
2 Kgs 21:10-16; 22:1; 2 Chr 33:10-11
646
Manasseh's repentance and return from captivity
2 Chr 33:12-13, 18-19
645
Nahum propheseis against Assyria , emboldening Manasseh to rebel
2 Chr 33:14-17; Nah 1:1-3:19
643t-641t
Manasseh's evil son Amon reigns in Judah
2 Kgs 21:17-22; 2 Chr 33:20-23
641t
Amon is assassinated, but the people make his son Josiah king
2 Kgs 21:23-26
641t-Jul 609
Josiah reigns as Judah 's best king
2 Kgs 22:1-2; 2 Chr 34:1-2
633
the birth of Josiah's son Eliakim (Jehoiakim)
2 Chr. 36:5
633
Josiah begins seeking God
2 Chr 34:3
632
the birth of Josiah's son Jehoahaz
2 Chr 23:31
c. 630
Zephaniah urges reform
Zeph. 1:1-3:20
629
Josiah's early reforms
2 Chr 34:4-7
627
the call of Jeremiah
Jer 1:1-3:5
626-624
Ahur-etil-ilani reigns in Assyria
 
626-605
Nabopalassar rules and strengthens Babylon
 
c. 625
the birth of Daniel
Dan 1:4
624
the early prophecies of Jeremiah
Jer 3:6-7:15
623-612
Sin-shur-ishkun reigns in Assyria
 
623
the birth of Ezekiel; Josiah rediscovers the Torah and begins major reforms
2 Kgs 22:3-23:21; 2 Chr 33:29-33; 34:8-28; Psa 119; Ezek 1:1
622
Judah celebrates the Passover
2 Kgs 23:22-27; 2 Chr 35:1-19
618
the birth of Josiah's son Mattaniah (Zedekiah)
2 Chr 36:11
615
the birth of Jehoiakim's son Jehoiachin (Jeconiah)
2 Chr 36:9
614
Asshur falls to Cyaxares the Mede and is taken by Nabopalassar
 
612
Nineveh is destroyed
 
612-609
Ashur-ubalit reigns as the last king of Assyria
 
609-594
Pharaoh Neco II reigns in Egypt
 
Jul 609
Josiah and Necho fight Assyria ; Josiah is killed in battle. His son Jehoahaz succeeds him
2 Kgs 23:28-33; 2 Chr 35:20-36:3
Oct 609
Necho imprisons Jehoahaz; he makes Eliakim king and renames him Jehoiakim
2 Kgs 23:34; 2 Chr 36:4
609-539
Judah 's seventy years of service to Babylon
Jer 25:11-12
609t-Dec 598
the evil reign of Jehoiakim in Judah
2 Kgs 23:35-37; 2 Chr 36:5
608-605
Jeremiah's prophecies
Jer 7:16-20:18; 25:1-26:24
605
the deportation of Daniel and others to Babylon
Dan 1:1-2
605-562
Nebuchadnezzar reigns in Babylon ; he expels the Egyptians from Palestine and brings final destruction to Assyria
Hab 1:1-3:19
605-602
Nebuchadnezzar controls Judah
2 Kgs 24:1
605-604
Jeremiah's ministry continues
Jer 36:1-32; 45:1-51:64
604
Babylon destroys Philistia ; the testing of Daniel and his friends
Dan 1:3-2:49
602
the birth of Darius the Mede
Dan 5:31
602
God sends hordes of Arameans, Moabites, and Ammonites against Judah
2 Kgs 24:2-4
600
the obedience of the Rechabites contrast with Judah 's disobedience
Jer 35:1-19
Dec 598-Mar 597
Jehoiachin succeeds Jehoiakim and reigns for three months
2 Kgs 24:5-9; 2 Chr 36:6-9
597
Nebuchadnezzar deports Jehoiachin and 3,022 others; he makes Mattaniah king and changes his name to Zedekiah
2 Kgs 24:10-17; 2 Chr 36:10-11; Psa 88, 89, 102; Jer 52:28
Apr 597-Jul 587
the reign of Zedekiah
2 Kgs 24:18-20; 2 Chr 36:12; Jer 52:1-2
597
Jeremiah prophesies captivity
Jer 21:1-24:10; 27:1-31:40
593
the early prophecies of Ezekiel in Babylon
Ezek 1:1-4:17
592
Ezekiel prophesies desolation for Judah
Ezek 5:1-19:14
591
Ezekiel's continued prophecies
Ezek 20:1-23:49; 25:1-17
589-587
Zedekiah rebels against Babylon
2 Kgs 24:20; 2 Chr 36:13-16; Jer 52:3
589
Jerusalem 's fall is immanent
Jer 34:1-7
588
as the siege of Jerusalem begins and more Jews are deported, Ezekiel tells the parable of the boiling pot
2 Kgs 25:1; Jer 52:29; Ezek 24:1-27
588-587
Jeremiah's and Ezekiel's final warnings
Jer 32:1-33:26; 34:8-22; 37:1-39:18; Ezek 26:1-31:18
Jul 587
the fall of Jerusalem ; Jeremiah remains behind
2 Kgs 25:2-21; 1 Chr 9:1; 2 Chr 36:17-21; Jer 39:1-14; 52:4-27; Lam 1:1-5:22
Judah fallen, so ends the divided kingdom

 

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